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Proposal of China on the Reform and Development of Global Governance

Today, changes in the world, in our times and in history are unfolding in
ways like never before. The deficits in peace, development, security and
governance are growing. Humanity is once again at a crossroads, and
facing a consequential choice on its future. Meanwhile, world multi-
polarity and economic globalization keep evolving. Peace, development
and win-win cooperation are the unstoppable trends of the times.
Solidarity, cooperation and progress remain the aspiration of people
around the world. 

This year marks the 10th anniversary of President Xi Jinping’s proposal
on building a community with a shared future for mankind. Facing global
changes unseen in a century, and keeping in mind both China’s realities
and global developments, President Xi Jinping has creatively put forth the
vision of building a community with a shared future for mankind. This
proposal has pointed the way forward for the future development of the
world and provided a solution for common challenges. Over the past
decade, the concept of a community with a shared future for mankind has
grown from an idea to action and a vision to reality. China calls on the
international community to act on true multilateralism, uphold the
international system with the United Nations at its core, support the U.N.


in playing a central role in international affairs, further develop and
improve the global governance system, and jointly build a community
with a shared future for mankind.

I.Enhancing global security governance and safeguarding world
peace and stability

Security is humanity’s most basic need and the most important global
public good. As the world faces frequently emerging hotspot issues,
rising geopolitical conflicts, and rampant unilateral and bullying
practices, the international community needs peace, trust, solidarity and
cooperation, rather than war, suspicion, division or confrontation. China
welcomes the New Agenda for Peace presented by Secretary General
António Guterres, and is ready to have further discussions and build
consensus with all parties. 

President Xi Jinping has put forward the Global Security Initiative (GSI).
It advocates a commitment to the vision of common, comprehensive,
cooperative and sustainable security; a commitment to respecting the
sovereignty and territorial integrity of all countries; a commitment to
abiding by the purposes and principles of the U.N. Charter; a
commitment to taking the legitimate security concerns of all countries
seriously; a commitment to peacefully resolving differences and disputes
between countries through dialogue and consultation; and a commitment
to maintaining security in both traditional and non-traditional domains,


with a view to jointly promoting a global community of security for all. 

China firmly supports a political settlement of the Ukraine crisis. The
sovereignty and territorial integrity of all countries should be upheld, the
purposes and principles of the U.N. Charter observed, and the legitimate
security concerns of all sides taken seriously. All efforts conducive to a
peaceful settlement of the crisis should be supported. The root cause of
the crisis lies in the problem of security governance in Europe. Parties
concerned must face the crux of the issue squarely, stop shifting
problems, build mutual trust and accommodate each other’s legitimate
security concerns, so as to gradually create conditions for ceasefire and
peace talks. No one gains from conflicts and wars. Imposing sanctions,
exerting pressure, or adding fuel to the fire will only escalate the
situation. It is important to maintain mutual respect, abandon the Cold
War mentality, stop ganging up to stoke camp-based confrontation, and
work to build a balanced, effective and sustainable European security

China maintains that it is important to preserve peace and stability on the
Korean Peninsula, achieve denuclearization and establish a peace
mechanism on the Peninsula. The issue needs to be resolved through
dialogue and consultation, and the legitimate concerns of all sides
addressed in a balanced manner. Given the current situation, parties
concerned need to remain calm and restrained, work to ease the situation
and make efforts to create conditions for the resumption of dialogue,


rather than insisting on sanctions and pressuring, which would only
aggravate problems and escalate tensions. China has been actively
promoting peace and talks, and will continue to work with the
international community to follow the dual-track approach and take
phased and synchronized steps, and to play a constructive role in the
political settlement of the Peninsula issue. 

China calls on the international community to respect the independence,
sovereignty and territorial integrity of Afghanistan, follow the “Afghan-
led, Afghan-owned” principle, and maintain engagement and dialogue
with Afghanistan on that basis. The international community needs to
continue its humanitarian and development assistance for Afghanistan,
support Afghanistan in integrating into the connectivity and economic
integration process in the region to enhance its capability for independent
and sustainable development, and encourage Afghanistan to put in place
an inclusive political framework, adopt moderate policies, combat
terrorism and develop friendly external relations. Certain country needs to
draw lessons from what happened in Afghanistan, abandon double
standard on combating terrorism, unconditionally return to Afghanistan
its overseas assets, lift unilateral sanctions on Afghanistan, and take
concrete actions to fulfill responsibilities to the reconstruction and
development of Afghanistan. 

China firmly supports the Palestinian people’s just cause of restoring their
legitimate national rights. The fundamental solution to the Palestinian


question is to establish an independent state of Palestine that enjoys full
sovereignty on the basis of the 1967 border and with east Jerusalem as its
capital. The international community needs to step up development
assistance and humanitarian aid to Palestine, and help meet Palestine’s
economic and livelihood needs. It is important to keep to the right
direction of peace talks, respect the historical status quo of the holy sites
in Jerusalem, refrain from making radical and provocative comments and
moves, promote the hosting of an international peace conference with
wider participation, higher authority and greater influence, create
conditions for the resumption of peace talks, and make concrete efforts to
help the two states of Palestine and Israel to coexist peacefully. China
will play an active role in facilitating Palestine’s internal reconciliation
and peace talks. 

China believes that regional hotspots such as the Iranian nuclear issue and
the issues of Syria, Sudan, Libya and Yemen need to be resolved through
political means. China supports Middle East countries in independently
exploring development paths, resolving regional security issues through
solidarity and coordination, and maintaining lasting peace and security in
the region. China supports African countries in solving African issues in
the African way to restore peace and stability on the African continent,
supports African countries and people in independently choosing their
paths to modernization, and supports Africa in speaking with one voice
on international affairs and continuously elevating its international
standing. China will enhance solidarity and coordination with the African


side, and jointly implement the Initiative on Supporting Africa’s
Industrialization, the Plan for China Supporting Africa’s Agricultural
Modernization and the Plan for China-Africa Cooperation on Talent
Development, to help Africa bring its integration and modernization onto
a fast track. China firmly opposes certain country’s wanton use of
unilateral sanctions and long-arm jurisdiction, and believes that
conditions should be created for the developing countries to grow their
economy and improve the people’s well-being. 

China strongly condemns all forms of terrorism and extremism. China
opposes associating terrorism and extremism with any particular country,
ethnic group or religion, opposes double standard on counter-terrorism,
and opposes politicizing or instrumentalizing the issue of counter-
terrorism. It is important to take a holistic approach and address both the
symptoms and root causes in fighting terrorism, so as to eradicate the
breeding ground of terrorism at the source. China supports the U.N. in
playing a central and coordinating role to help developing countries build
capacity for fighting terrorism, form greater synergy worldwide against
terrorism, and address the challenges brought by emerging technologies.

Nuclear weapons must not be used and nuclear wars must never be
fought. The international community should jointly oppose the threat or
use of nuclear weapons. China supports greater efforts to reduce strategic
risks based on the joint statement by the leaders of the five nuclear-
weapon states on preventing nuclear war. Nuclear disarmament should be


advanced in a step-by-step manner under the principles of “maintaining
global strategic stability” and “undiminished security for all.” Countries
with the largest nuclear arsenals should earnestly fulfill their special and
primary responsibilities in nuclear disarmament, continue to effectively
implement the New START Treaty, and make further substantial and
substantive cuts to their nuclear arsenals in a verifiable, irreversible and
legally binding manner, so as to create conditions for achieving the
ultimate goal of general and complete nuclear disarmament. The Treaty
on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) is the bedrock of
international nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation regime, and an
important part of the post-war international security system. It plays an
irreplaceable role in promoting world peace and development. The
international community should advance the three pillars of the NPT in a
balanced way and jointly safeguard the treaty’s authority, effectiveness
and universality.

China pays great attention to nuclear security. It has proposed a rational,
coordinated, and balanced approach to nuclear security and worked
actively for a global community of shared future on nuclear security.
Nuclear security is a lifeline in the development of nuclear energy and
application of nuclear technology. Peaceful uses of nuclear energy should
not be pursued at the expense of the environment and human health. The
Japanese government should respond fully to the international
community’s major concerns on the discharge of nuclear-contaminated
water from Fukushima, shoulder its moral responsibilities and obligations


under international law, and stop discharging the nuclear-contaminated
water. The Japanese government needs to show sincerity and have full
communication with neighboring countries, accept strict international
oversight, and ensure that the contaminated water is disposed of in a
science-based, safe and transparent manner.  

China is committed to upholding the authority and effectiveness of the
Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production,
Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction
(CWC) and to achieving the goal of a world free of chemical weapons.
China urges Japan to speed up the destruction of abandoned chemical
weapons in China. China upholds the CWC as a guideline for properly
settling hotspot issues concerning chemical weapons, opposes
politicization, and promotes international cooperation on peaceful uses of

II. Improving global development governance and jointly pursuing
global sustainable development

Development is the eternal pursuit of mankind and the shared
responsibility of all countries. President Xi Jinping has proposed the
Global Development Initiative (GDI) and called on the international
community to strengthen unity and mutual trust, put development first,
and address challenges together, thus boosting efforts to bring the 2030
Agenda for Sustainable Development back on track.


With the implementation of the GDI as a main focus, China will push for
international efforts to consolidate and expand consensus on development
and keep development front and center on the global agenda. China will
pursue greater synergy of development strategies at the global, regional,
subregional and national levels, including synergy between the GDI and
the U.N. development agenda, to achieve complementarity and
interconnected development. More will be done to harness the
development resources of governments, the business community, the
academia and civil societies, improve the allocation of global
development resources, deepen practical cooperation in the priority areas
of the GDI, and work with all sides to enrich the open-ended pool of GDI
projects. China calls on developed countries to deliver on their
commitments on official development assistance and climate financing,
address the uneven distribution of global development resources, pay
attention to development knowledge sharing, and provide capacity-
building support to developing countries.

This year marks the 10th anniversary of President Xi Jinping’s proposal
of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). Over the past decade, China has
championed the Silk Road spirit of peace and cooperation, openness and
inclusiveness, mutual learning, and mutual benefit, and focused on
enhancing policy, infrastructure, trade, financial and people-to-people
connectivity, with a view to delivering development and prosperity to all
countries. In October this year, China will host the third Belt and Road


Forum for International Cooperation. That will be an opportunity for
China to push for higher-level cooperation, better cost-effectiveness,
higher-quality supply, and stronger development resilience in Belt and
Road cooperation and work with all parties to deepen exchange and
cooperation across the board, enhance the complementarity and synergy
between the BRI and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and
make greater contributions to global development.

China supports efforts to make economic globalization more open,
inclusive, balanced and beneficial to all. The international community
needs to stick to opening up as the overall direction, uphold
multilateralism, firmly safeguard free trade and the multilateral trading
system, oppose unilateralism and protectionism, promote connectivity,
and encourage integrated development; stick to equality as the basis,
respect the social systems and development paths of different countries,
and make the global economic governance system more just and
equitable; and stick to cooperation as a driving force, pursue extensive
consultation and joint contribution for shared benefits, and promote
mutually beneficial cooperation.

Food security is essential for human survival. It is an important part of the
implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. China
supports U.N. agencies in leveraging their professional expertise and
coordinating role to mobilize scaled up assistance from the international
community, developed countries in particular, to meet the pressing needs


of people in relevant countries. The international community needs to
step up cooperation to establish a fair, equitable, sustainable and stable
order for agricultural trade, and avoid politicizing and weaponizing food
security issues. Greater support should be given to developing countries,
especially the most vulnerable countries, to help them enhance capacity
for food security. 

China supports the pursuit of green and low-carbon development. In the
course of a just energy transition, the different national realities and
capabilities of countries should be fully respected, and traditional energy
should be phased out on the basis of ensuring safe and reliable alternative
energy sources. The grave challenges of energy security are essentially
caused by disruption in supply chain and international cooperation, not by
production or demand. China firmly opposes attempts to politicize,
instrumentalize and weaponize energy issues. Countries should work
together to ensure smooth supply chains, stabilize the energy market and
prices, and strive for the goal of ensuring access to affordable, reliable,
sustainable and modern energy for all.

China attaches great importance to addressing climate change and
maintains that countries should work in concert within multilateral
frameworks to tackle this pressing global challenge. It is important to
stick to the objectives, principles and institutional arrangements outlined
in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and its
Paris Agreement, especially the principle of common but differentiated


responsibilities. Developed countries should face their historical
responsibilities squarely, take the lead in significantly reducing emissions,
and deliver on their commitments of financial, technical and capacity-
building support to developing countries. China will work with the rest of
the international community to push for the full and effective
implementation of the Paris Agreement and to foster a fair, equitable,
cooperative and win-win system of global climate governance.

Ⅲ. Advancing global human rights and social governance and jointly
promoting civilizational exchange and progress

Equal-footed exchange and mutual learning between different
civilizations will provide robust spiritual guidance for humanity in
resolving the challenges of our times and realizing common development.
In proposing the Global Civilization Initiative (GCI), President Xi Jinping
aims to promote the exchange and mutual learning between civilizations,
enhance mutual understanding and friendship between people of all
countries, build international consensus for cooperation and advance the
progress of human civilizations. This has injected strong impetus to the
modernization of human society and building a community with a shared
future for mankind.

We need to respect the diversity of civilizations, uphold the principles of
equality, mutual learning, dialogue and inclusiveness among civilizations,
and let cultural exchange transcend estrangement, mutual learning


transcend clashes, and coexistence transcend feelings of superiority. We
need to jointly advocate humanity’s common values of peace,
development, equity, justice, democracy and freedom, reject imposing
values and models on others, and oppose stoking ideological
confrontation. We need to attach importance to the inheritance and
innovation of civilizations, fully harness the relevance of histories and
cultures to the present times, and push for creative transformation and
innovative development of all fine traditional cultures in the process of

Human rights for all is the shared pursuit of humanity. People’s happiness
is the biggest human right. In advancing human rights, countries should
put the people front and center, make the people’s aspirations for a better
life their starting point and ultimate goal, and keep making efforts to
resolve the most practical problems that are of the greatest and most
direct concern to the people, so that people can lead a good life. We must
safeguard people’s democratic rights, fully inspire their motivation,
initiative and creativity, and ensure that the people run the country, enjoy
human rights equally, and become the chief participants, promoters and
beneficiaries in human rights advancement.

There is no one-size-fits-all model for promoting and protecting human
rights. All countries’ independent choice of their own path of human
rights development should be respected. Human rights have historical,
specific and practical contexts. Countries vary from one another in


historical background, cultural heritage, social systems and levels of
socio-economic development. Their paths of human rights advancement
can have inevitable differences. They need to combine the principle of
universality of human rights and their national conditions and advance
human rights in light of national realities and the needs of their people.
Human rights issues should not be politicized or used as a tool, double
standard should be rejected, and still less should human rights be used as
an excuse to interfere in other countries’ internal affairs or encircle and
contain other countries as they pursue development.

Human rights is an all-encompassing, rich concept. All aspects of human
rights are equally important and should be advanced in a coordinated and
systematic way. Among them the rights to subsistence and development
are the basic human rights of paramount importance, and economic,
social and cultural rights should be accorded enough attention. Long-
standing issues, such as racial discrimination, religious hatred and the
negative impact of unilateral coercive measures on human rights should
be effectively addressed as soon as possible. Emerging issues including
digital technology and artificial intelligence in relation to human rights
should receive due attention and be addressed properly.

Promoting and protecting human rights requires concerted effort of the
international community. Human rights should be safeguarded through
enhancing security. It is important to respect the sovereignty and
territorial integrity of all countries, jointly follow a path of peaceful


development, implement the GSI and create a peaceful environment for
the realization of human rights. Human rights should be advanced
through development. It is important to implement the GDI, make
development more inclusive, universally beneficial and sustainable, and
make sure that development is for the people and by the people, and that
its fruits are shared among the people. Human rights should be facilitated
through cooperation. It is important to implement the GCI, engage in
human rights exchange and cooperation on the basis of mutual respect,
inclusiveness and equality, learn from each other, build consensus and
jointly pursue human rights progress.

The Human Rights Council and other U.N. human rights bodies should
be platforms for dialogue and cooperation, not places for confrontation
and pressuring. The U.N. human rights bodies should adhere to the
purposes and principles of the U.N. Charter, uphold the principles of
impartiality, objectivity, non-selectivity and non-politicization, conduct
constructive dialogue and cooperation with Member States, respect the
sovereignty of all countries, and perform within their mandate in an
objective and impartial manner. The underrepresentation of developing
countries in the staff composition of the U.N. human rights bodies should
be changed as soon as possible. International human rights dialogue and
cooperation should be further promoted through commemorating the 75th
anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights for the healthy
development of the global human rights cause.


Promoting the cause of women and children is an important aspect of
social governance. The international community needs to keep working
hard to implement the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, and
put the protection of the rights and interests of women and children high
on their agenda. National strategies for the development of women and
children should be formulated and improved, comprehensive measures
taken to ensure that women and children enjoy the various benefits of
development, and the development of women and children kept in step
with socio-economic progress. We should support the U.N. in its leading
and coordinating role and strengthen international cooperation on the
cause of women and children.

Education is an important force for the progress of human civilization.
China stands ready to work with countries around the world for more
educational exchange, enhance openness in education and actively
support other developing countries in advancing education. We call on all
countries to step up input in education and enhance its equity,
inclusiveness and safety. We support the U.N.’s important role in
realizing the sustainable development goal on education, the efforts to
promote global peace and sustainable development through reform and
development of education, and contribute to realizing equality in
education opportunities and universal benefits of educational
advancement, to realize the SDG on education in the 2030 Agenda for
Sustainable Development.


Ⅳ. Developing global governance of new frontiers and building a
governance framework for the future

The progress and development of science and technology has enriched
the denotations and connotations of the concepts of international peace
and security. The deep sea, polar regions, outer space, cyberspace and
digital technology, and artificial intelligence (AI) have become new
frontiers of global governance. Faced with the new circumstances, new
areas and new challenges, we need to follow the principles of peace,
development, inclusiveness and shared governance, and take active steps
to keep the rules governing new frontiers up to date with the times and
fully reflective of developing countries’ opinions, interests and
aspirations. The rights to participation, stating their views, and decision-
making of developing countries should be fully safeguarded.

Scientific and technological advances should benefit all humanity, not
becoming means of restricting and containing other countries’
development. Certain countries must not erode the governance of new
frontiers with their hegemonic mentality, overstretch the concept of
national security and build “small yards with high fences” with their
advantage in science and technology. Countries need to seize the historic
opportunity of the new round of scientific, technological and industrial
revolution, accelerate translating scientific and technological advances
into productivity, uncover new drivers of growth in the post-COVID era,
and work together to leapfrog progress in development. The U.N. should


play the core role in implementing the resolution of the General
Assembly entitled “Promoting International Cooperation on Peaceful
Uses in the Context of International Security,” ensure that developing
countries fully enjoy the right to peaceful uses of science and technology
to facilitate the realization of sustainable development goals, and
effectively respond to security risks posed by scientific and technological
development. China will enhance international exchange and cooperation
in science and technology with a more open mind and actions, work with
other countries to foster an open, fair, equitable and non-discriminatory
environment for the development of science and technology, and promote
mutual and shared benefit, to tap into China’s strength in science and
technology for advancing human development.

The development of AI benefits all countries, and all countries should be
able to participate extensively in the global governance of AI. All parties
should follow the principles of extensive consultation and joint
contribution for shared benefits, give play to the role of the U.N. as the
main channel, and promote a people-centered approach and such visions
as AI for good, emphasis on development and priority for ethics. All
parties should work for greater representation and voice of developing
countries, and shape widely accepted AI governance framework,
standards and norms, and ensure that AI is safe, reliable and controllable,
and that all countries share in the benefits of AI technologies.

The international community should commit to upholding a cyberspace


featuring peace, security, openness and cooperation, and oppose the
camp-based division, militarization and fragmentation of cyberspace. No
party should overstretch the concept of national security, or
unscrupulously deprive another country of its legitimate right to
development. Advantage in cyber technologies should not be used to
spread aggressive cyber technologies, or turn cyberspace into a new
battleground for geopolitical competition. It is important to reject
unilateral protectionism, uphold the principles of openness, fairness and
non-discrimination, and create a sound, open and inclusive environment
for building important international infrastructure such as submarine
cables. China supports the U.N. in playing a leading role in global digital
governance and rules-making. China stands ready to work with all parties
to find solutions to acute issues in digital development and global digital
governance, build international consensus, and develop international rules
on digital governance based on the Global Initiative on Data Security. All
parties should uphold multilateralism, stay committed to fairness and
justice, both pursue development and safeguard security, deepen dialogue
and cooperation, improve the global digital governance system, and work
for a community with a shared future in cyberspace. Cybercrimes are a
common threat facing all countries. China supports negotiations chaired
by the U.N. to formulate a universal and authoritative global convention,
to create a legal framework for countries to strengthen international
cooperation against cybercrimes.

China attaches great importance to biosecurity and is committed to


improving global biosecurity governance. China supports States Parties in
jointly implementing the outcomes of the Ninth Review Conference of
the Biological Weapons Convention and facilitating substantive outcomes
achieved by the working group on the strengthening of the Convention.
China supports strengthening the Convention mechanism by resuming
multilateral negotiations on a Convention verification protocol.
Meanwhile, the international community should work together to
advocate responsible biological research and development, and encourage
all stakeholders to voluntarily observe the Tianjin Biosecurity Guidelines
for Codes of Conduct for Scientists, in order to reduce biosecurity risks
and promote the sound development of biological science and technology.

Oceans hold great significance for the survival and development of
human society. China will work with all countries to uphold the maritime
order based on international law, properly address all kinds of common
maritime threats and challenges under the framework of the GSI, develop
and utilize marine resources in a science-based and orderly manner under
the framework of the GDI, advance marine governance cooperation based
on equality, mutual benefit and mutual respect, safeguard maritime peace
and tranquility and waterway security, build a maritime community with
a shared future, and promote steady progress of the global maritime

Peaceful exploration and use of outer space is an equal right for all
countries in the world. Lasting peace and security in outer space bears on


the security, development and prosperity of all countries. China has all
along upheld the principle of exploration and use of outer space for the
well-being of the entire humanity, and safeguarded the international order
in outer space with the Outer Space Treaty of 1967 as the cornerstone. On
the basis of equality, mutual respect, peaceful use and inclusive
development, China carries out international cooperation on outer space,
opposes the weaponization of and an arms race in outer space, and
advocates building a community with a shared future for mankind in
outer space. Countries that are major players in outer space should take
up primary responsibility for safeguarding peace and security in outer
space. China supports the U.N. in giving full play to its role as the main
platform for global governance and international cooperation on outer
space, and supports early start of negotiations and conclusion of a legal
instrument on arms control in outer space through negotiations at the
Conference on Disarmament..

V. Strengthening the core role of the U.N. and advancing the reform
of the global governance system

In the Declaration on the Commemoration of the Seventy-fifth
Anniversary of the United Nations, the countries committed to strengthen
global governance for the common future of present and coming
generations. The Summit of the Future in 2024 presents an opportunity
for us to, with a sense of responsibility to succeeding generations, cement
solidarity and cooperation, advance the reform of the global governance


system, and support the U.N. in better playing its role.

China takes an active part in the reform and development of the global
governance system. It practices consultation, cooperation and shared
benefits in global governance, upholds true multilateralism, promotes
greater democracy in international relations, and works for more just and
equitable global governance. The key to the reform of the global
governance system lies in balancing fairness and efficiency, keeping up
with the evolved international political and economic landscape, meeting
the practical need to address global challenges, and being in tune with the
historical trend of peace, development, cooperation and mutual benefit.

China firmly supports the core role of the U.N. in international affairs.
The reform of the U.N. should be conducive to safeguarding
multilateralism and the role of the U.N., increasing the voice of
developing countries in international affairs, and boosting the
enforcement capacity and management efficiency of U.N. agencies. It is
important to follow the basic principle of equal-footed consultation in the
U.N., and help the U.N. stand firm for justice, uphold the rule of law,
promote cooperation and focus on real action.

China supports necessary and equitable reform of the Security Council to
boost its authority and efficiency, enhance its capacity to tackle global
threats and challenges, and let it better fulfill its mandate prescribed in the
U.N. Charter. The Security Council should not become a club of the big


countries or rich countries. Its reform should credibly increase the
representation and voice of developing countries, redress the historical
injustices done to Africa, and give more developing countries with
independent foreign policies and just positions the opportunity to sit on
the Security Council and participate in its decision-making. China
supports making special arrangements to meet Africa’s aspiration as a
priority. Security Council reform concerns the future of the U.N. and the
fundamental interests of the entire membership. All parties should uphold
the role of the intergovernmental negotiations on Security Council reform
as the main channel, follow the member state-led principle, reach the
most extensive political consensus through full and democratic
consultation, and seek a package solution that addresses the interests and
concerns of all parties on the five clusters of key issues related to the

China advocates strengthening communication and cooperation among
mechanisms such as the U.N., the G20, the International Monetary Fund
and the World Bank, to enhance macroeconomic policy coordination and
improve global economic governance. It is important to boost the
capacity and efficiency of international financial institutions in operation
and fund-raising, increase the representation and voice of developing
countries in international financial institutions, raise the efficiency of
using reserve assets such as Special Drawing Rights, step up investment
in international public goods urgently needed by developing countries,
and ensure participation of multilateral creditors in joint handling of



China supports necessary and equitable reform of the global health
governance system, to raise the efficiency of the system, better respond to
global public health crises, and build a global community of health for all.
China supports the World Health Organization in playing a central
coordinating role in global health governance and in strengthening
cooperation on public health with all sides in an objective, just and
science-based manner. China will continue to support and participate in
science-based global origins-tracing, and firmly opposes political
manipulation of any form.

*      *      *      *      *      *

Humanity is living in a time rife with challenges and also a time full of
hope. Faced with global challenges that are increasingly serious and
complex, countries around the world must assume the shared task of
working to strengthen and improve the global governance system. China
will work together with the rest of the international community to uphold
true multilateralism and implement the GDI, the GSI and the GCI.
Together, we will create a better future for humanity.

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